Thai Oranda Goldfish

thai oranda goldfish

Thai Oranda Goldfish

Thai Oranda goldfish, also known as “lionhead” or “wen” goldfish, are a popular and unique variety of fancy goldfish. With their distinctive head growths and round, globe-shaped bodies, Thai Orandas are a favorite among fish hobbyists and collectors.

Thai Oranda Goldfish: History and Origin

The Oranda goldfish originated in China and was first documented in the late 1500s. The Thai Oranda, on the other hand, was selectively bred in Thailand in the mid-20th century. While the Chinese variety has a larger head growth and a more pointed body, the Thai Oranda has a smaller head growth and a more rounded body.

Thai Oranda Goldfish: Physical Characteristics

thai oranda goldfish black and orange

Thai Oranda goldfish are known for their unique features, particularly their head growths. This growth, which can resemble a fluffy hood or a lion’s mane, is actually a mass of fatty tissue that is genetically determined. The head growth can come in a variety of shapes and sizes, ranging from small and compact to large and flowing. Thai Orandas also have a round, globe-shaped body and can come in a range of colors and patterns, including red, white, black, blue, and calico.

Thai Oranda Goldfish: Care and Maintenance

As with any aquatic pet, maintaining the proper water quality is essential for the health and well-being of Thai Oranda goldfish. They prefer a pH range of 6.5 to 8.0 and a temperature range of 68 to 74 degrees Fahrenheit. It is also important to provide them with plenty of space and a well-filtered tank to keep the water clean.

Thai Orandas are omnivores and require a varied diet of pellets, flakes, and live or frozen goldfish foods. They are prone to certain health issues, such as swim bladder problems and fungal infections, so it is important to keep a close eye on their behavior and appearance.

Thai Oranda Goldfish: Breeding and Genetics

thai oranda goldfish

Breeding Thai Oranda goldfish is a complex process that requires careful selection of parent fish with desirable traits, such as a well-developed head growth and a round, symmetrical body. The genetic factors that contribute to these traits are still being studied, but breeders have developed techniques to encourage their expression. Thai Orandas can also be crossed with other fancy goldfish varieties to create new and unique hybrids.

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Popularity and Availability

Thai Oranda goldfish are highly sought after by fish hobbyists and collectors due to their unique and striking appearance. They can be found at specialty fish stores and online retailers, but it is important to purchase them responsibly from reputable breeders. It is also important to note that Thai Orandas require specialized care and maintenance, so they may not be the best choice for beginner fish keepers.


Thai Oranda goldfish are a beloved and unique variety of fancy goldfish. Their distinctive head growths and round, globe-shaped bodies make them stand out in any aquarium. While they require specialized care and maintenance, the rewards of owning and breeding these beautiful fish are well worth the effort for fish hobbyists and collectors alike.